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FOTO: DOBRODOŠLI U NAJHLADNIJE MJESTO NA SVIJETU GDJE SE TEMPERATURE SPUŠTAJU I DO -70°C 'Zatvaramo škole samo kada temperatura padne ispod -52°C'

    AUTOR:
    • Jutarnji.hr

  • OBJAVLJENO:
  • 03.01.2018. u 14:24

Profimedia

Ojmjakon

 

Ako vam je trenutno hladno, kratki posjet ruskom selu Ojmjakonu u dalekoistočnom dijelu Sibira mogao bi u sekundi promijeniti vaše mišljenje. Naime, tamošnje prosječne temperature za siječanj iznose -50°C, stoga nije čudno da je ovo selo proglašeno najhladnijim naseljenim mjestom na svijetu.

Najniža temperatura ikad izmjerena u njemu bila je -71.2°C, što je rekordno niska temperatura u naseljenom mjestu na Zemlji i najniža ikad zabilježena na sjevernoj polutci.

Jan 14, 2013 - Yakutia, Russia - The central square of Yakutsk on a -51c day. Oymyakon lies a two day drive from the city of Yakutsk, the regional capital. A journey to Oymyakon, considered by many to be the coldest permanently inhabited settlement in the world. The village was originally a stopover for reindeer herders who would water their flocks from a thermal spring at the location. Known as the 'Pole of Cold' the town of 500 once recorded a temperature of -71.2c. Average temperatures in January are -50c., Image: 151637037, License: Rights-managed, Restrictions: * North and South America Rights Only *, Model Release: no, Credit line: Profimedia, Zuma Press - Archives
Profimedia, Zuma Press - Archives
 

U selu živi oko 500 ljudi, a između 1920. i 1930. bilo je usputna postaja čuvarima sobova koji su na tamošnje termalne izvore dolazili napojiti svoja stada.

No sovjetska vlada imala je za cilj tamo trajno naseliti nomade jer su smatrali kako ih je teško kontrolirati i kako su tehnološki i kulturno zaostali. I tako je i bilo.

Jan 10, 2013 - Yakutia, Russia - ALEXANDER PLATONOV, 52, a retired teacher, dressed for a quick dash to the toilet. Most toilets in the town are long drops out on the street due to the difficulty of digging plumbing through the permanently frozen soil. Oymyakon lies a two day drive from the city of Yakutsk, the regional capital. A journey to Oymyakon, considered by many to be the coldest permanently inhabited settlement in the world. The village was originally a stopover for reindeer herders who would water their flocks from a thermal spring at the location. Known as the 'Pole of Cold' the town of 500 once recorded a temperature of -71.2c. Average temperatures in January are -50c., Image: 151637024, License: Rights-managed, Restrictions: * North and South America Rights Only *, Model Release: no, Credit line: Profimedia, Zuma Press - Archives
Profimedia, Zuma Press - Archives
 

Većina domova u selu Ojmjakon, čije ime zapravo znači 'voda koja se ne smrzava', još uvijek se griju na ugljen i drva te uglavnom imaju poljske wc-e, no uživaju i u nekim modernim pogodnostima.

Jan 07, 2013 - Yakutia, Russia - A toilet on the tundra at a petrol stop on the road to Oymyakon. Oymyakon lies a two day drive from the city of Yakutsk, the regional capital. A journey to Oymyakon, considered by many to be the coldest permanently inhabited settlement in the world. The village was originally a stopover for reindeer herders who would water their flocks from a thermal spring at the location. Known as the 'Pole of Cold' the town of 500 once recorded a temperature of -71.2c. Average temperatures in January are -50c., Image: 151637015, License: Rights-managed, Restrictions: * North and South America Rights Only *, Model Release: no, Credit line: Profimedia, Zuma Press - Archives
Profimedia, Zuma Press - Archives
 

Dnevni problemi s kojima se suočavaju su smrzavanje tinte u kemijskim olovkama, smrznute naočale na očima, kao i brzo pražnjenje baterija. Lokalci tvrde kako automobile ostavljaju upaljenima čitavog dana jer strahuju da ih neće moći ponovno upaliti. Tu je i problem s mobitelima. Naime, i da postoji mreža, mobiteli ne bi mogli raditi u tako hladnim uvjetima. Još jedan problem mještana su pokapanja ljudskih tijela, što može potrajati i do tri dana jer se zemlja mora odmrznuti kako bi ju mogli kopati.

Jan 09, 2013 - Yakutia, Russia - Farmer NIKOLAI PETROVICH waters his cows in the patch of thermal water at the edge of the town. Oymyakon lies a two day drive from the city of Yakutsk, the regional capital. A journey to Oymyakon, considered by many to be the coldest permanently inhabited settlement in the world. The village was originally a stopover for reindeer herders who would water their flocks from a thermal spring at the location. Known as the 'Pole of Cold' the town of 500 once recorded a temperature of -71.2c. Average temperatures in January are -50c., Image: 151637019, License: Rights-managed, Restrictions: * North and South America Rights Only *, Model Release: no, Credit line: Profimedia, Zuma Press - Archives
Profimedia, Zuma Press - Archives
 

U njihovoj okolici ništa ne raste, stoga se hrane mesom sobova i konja. U selu ima samo jedna trgovina koja mještanima pruža osnovne potrepštime, a mještani rade kao uzgajivači sobova, lovci ili ribari.

Liječnici tvrde kako stanovnici ne pate od pothanjenosti jer mlijeko njihovih životinja sadrži puno hranjivih tvari.

(An incredible Yakutai cow that has adapted to some of the coldest climates on Earth) You might not think many animals could survive temperatures of -70C but these incredible cows can withstand some of the coldest temperatures on the planet. Known as Yakutian cattle, the remarkable animals have adapted to living happily outdoors near the Russian village of Oymyakon, a location that has seen some of the coldest weather conditions known to man. Due extreme subarctic conditions, the ground is permanently frozen but the clever cows have managed to find a way around their challenging climate. Thanks to a list of evolutionary advantages such as the ability to slow their metabolic rate and a thick winter coat, these unique animals have developed an impressive tolerance towards the freezing temperatures. **NOT FOR SALE / USE IN RUSSIA / POLAND**, Image: 225984511, License: Rights-managed, Restrictions: , Model Release: no, Credit line: Profimedia, Caters News
Profimedia, Caters News
 

Jan 13, 2013 - Yakutia, Russia - An East Siberian Laika puppy. The breed are adapted to the Siberian winters and can sleep without shelter in temperatures of -60c. Oymyakon lies a two day drive from the city of Yakutsk, the regional capital. A journey to Oymyakon, considered by many to be the coldest permanently inhabited settlement in the world. The village was originally a stopover for reindeer herders who would water their flocks from a thermal spring at the location. Known as the 'Pole of Cold' the town of 500 once recorded a temperature of -71.2c. Average temperatures in January are -50c., Image: 151637035, License: Rights-managed, Restrictions: * North and South America Rights Only *, Model Release: no, Credit line: Profimedia, Zuma Press - Archives
Profimedia, Zuma Press - Archives
 

Mještani su, očekivano, postali otporni na zimske uvjete i školu zatvaraju samo ako temperatura padne ispod -52°C.

Selo se nalazi na 750 metara nadmorske visine, a dan im traje oko tri sata po zimi i 21 sat po ljeti.

*** EXCLUSIVE *** SAKHA REPUBLIC, RUSSIA - DEC 2017: Siberian horse breeders living, in pictures. Breeding horses in the coldest of weathers. The Yakut Horse is a rare horse breed from the Siberian, Sakha republic region. Yakut horses are well-adapted to the extreme cold and to survive without shelter in temperatures that reach -60�C. One of their traits is the ability to find vegetation to graze on under the deep snow very thick and long hair, resilient skin and a layer of fat, they are the most frost resistant of all known breeds. They can produce up to 105 kilos of live weight meat when they are 6 months old, 165 kilos by 30 months, and about 228 when adult. Raising horses is one of the main sources of income for many residents of the region. The Yakut horse averages about 150cm in height. Yakut horses are used for their meat and milk. The horse breeders? live in small wooden houses in a temperature of minus 48 degree celsius, living off reindeer meat, horse meat, fish, and milk from their farm animals. In winter sunrise only last for 3 hours., Image: 358685195, License: Rights-managed, Restrictions: , Model Release: no, Credit line: Profimedia, Barcroft Media
Profimedia, Barcroft Media
 

Unatoč snažnim zimama, u lipnju, srpnju i kolovozu temperature se često penju i preko 30°.

TUrističke agencije nude brojne prilike turistima da posjete selo i okuse život u jezivo ledenim uvjetima.

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