PROSVJED

TISUĆE SUDACA I ODVJETNIKA MARŠIRALO VARŠAVOM Reformu pravosudnog sustava vide kao pokušaj nacionalističke vlasti da disciplinira suce

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  • 12.01.2020. u 09:58

Protestors hold a EU flag on January 11, 2020 in Warsaw, Poland, during the 'March of a Thousand Robes', a protest against a bill backed by Poland's right-wing government. - Hundreds of Polish judges dressed in formal black robes marched in Warsaw on january 11, 2020 to protest a draft law aimed at punishing justices who question the government's controversial court reforms. Top judges from nearly all members of the European Union joined the protest, expressing concern that the legislation backed by Poland's right-wing government undermines judicial independence and the rule of law. (Photo by JANEK SKARZYNSKI / AFP)
Janek Skarzyinski / AFP

 

Tisuće ljudi, uključujući suce i odvjetnike iz mnogih zemalja članica EU-a, prosvjedovale su u subotu u Varšavi protiv pokušaja vlade da smanji ovlasti pravosuđa u Poljskoj.

Prošli mjesec je donji dom poljskog parlamenta usvojio nacrt zakona koji bi omogućio stegovne mjere za suce koji dovode u pitanje vladine reforme.

Europska komisija je rekla da bi planirani zakon ugrozio vladavinu zakona. Poljska je pokrenula veliku reformu svog pravosudnog sustava koju Bruxelles doživljava kao pokušaj da konzervativni nacionalisti na vlasti iz stranke Pravo i pravda (PiS) discipliniraju suce.

Kontroverzne pravosudne reforme

Prijedlog zakona pripremio je i izglasao po hitnom postupku PiS kao odgovor na odluke Europskog suda pravde i poljskog Vrhovnog suda koji su doveli u pitanje važan dio kontroverznih pravosudnih reformi, koje su u središtu spora.

People demonstrate during the 'March of a Thousand Robes' on January 11, 2020 in Warsaw, Poland, a protest against a bill backed by Poland's right-wing government. - Hundreds of Polish judges dressed in formal black robes marched in Warsaw on january 11, 2020 to protest a draft law aimed at punishing justices who question the government's controversial court reforms. Top judges from nearly all members of the European Union joined the protest, expressing concern that the legislation backed by Poland's right-wing government undermines judicial independence and the rule of law. (Photo by JANEK SKARZYNSKI / AFP)
Janek Skarzyinski / AFP
 

U vladi i stranci kažu da je reforma nužna kako bi sudstvo bilo učinkovitije te da je svrha reforme pravosuđa borba protiv korupcije. Međutim, oporba optužuje PiS da želi ušutkati suce koji dovode u pitanje reforme vladajućih.

Europska komisija već je pokrenula nekoliko postupaka zbog PiS-ovih reformi i slučaj uputila na Europski sud pravde.

Povjerenica za ljudska prava Vijeća Europe Dunja Mijatović ocijenila je da bi novi poljski prijedlog zakona o disciplinskim kaznama za suce mogao ugroziti njihovu neovisnost i preporučila da ga Senat odbaci, navodi se u njezinu pismu objavljenom u petak. Prijedlog zakona "jako je problematičan iz perspektive standarda Vijeća Europe" i uveo bi "posve nov i otvoren katalog disciplinskih prijestupa... praćenih u mnogim slučajevima teškim kaznama", navodi se u pismu poslanom poljskom Senatu.

People demonstrate in front of presidential palace during the 'March of a Thousand Robes' on January 11, 2020 in Warsaw, Poland, a protest against a bill backed by Poland's right-wing government. - Hundreds of Polish judges dressed in formal black robes marched in Warsaw on january 11, 2020 to protest a draft law aimed at punishing justices who question the government's controversial court reforms. Top judges from nearly all members of the European Union joined the protest, expressing concern that the legislation backed by Poland's right-wing government undermines judicial independence and the rule of law. (Photo by JANEK SKARZYNSKI / AFP)
Janek Skarzyinski / AFP
 

- Osobito sam zabrinuta što su odredbe novog prijedloga zakona zamišljene tako da dodatno utišaju neslaganje s vlastima među kritičnim sucima i tužiteljima i ograniče njihovu neovisnost - navodi se.

Mijatović upozorava da zakon ne samo da ne uvažava njezine ranije preporuke o neovisnosti sudaca i tužitelja, nego izgleda da dodatno širi ovlasti izvršne vlasti nad pravosuđem.

Senat bi ovaj prijedlog zakona trebao razmotriti kasnije ovaj mjesec. Senat bi ga mogao izmijeniti ili odbaciti, ali posljednju riječ o njegovu obliku imat će donji dom koji kontrolira vladajuća stranka.

Foreign judges join Polish lawyers in the 'March of a Thousand Robes' on January 11, 2020 in Warsaw, Poland, during a protest against a bill backed by Poland's right-wing government. - Hundreds of Polish judges dressed in formal black robes marched in Warsaw on january 11, 2020 to protest a draft law aimed at punishing justices who question the government's controversial court reforms. Top judges from nearly all members of the European Union joined the protest, expressing concern that the legislation backed by Poland's right-wing government undermines judicial independence and the rule of law. (Photo by JANEK SKARZYNSKI / AFP)
Janek Skarzyinski / AFP

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